The book canvasses the expression of Apache culture through art, music, dance, dress, cuisine, and perhaps most importantly, the persistent vitality and richness of the Apache language. The author deftly summarizes the social and economic life of Apache communities, addressing serious problems with remarkable candor and frankness, such as the tragic effects of the recent influx of methamphetamine.
She concisely outlines the essential nature and functions of Apache tribal government and the trust relationship between the Apache tribes and the federal government, all without bogging down in legalese.
In Culture and Customs of the Apache Indians, the Apache people do much more than simply introduce themselves. They welcome you to their communities and invite you into their homes. Review by Russell Kearl. Jicarilla Apache historian, Veronica Velarde Tiller, presents a universe of information regarding the culture and customs of the five Apache Nations and tribes of the Southwest that gives the high school student a view of the philosophical foundations of Apache life that are embedded in the natural environment and natural resources.
Rites of passage from birth to death are important, even today, to the Apache. When a child is born, the Apaches pierce the child's ears.
Piercing the earlobes gives the child the ability to hear important messages so that he or she may follow them. In the Chiricahua Nation, after a child is born, there is a Cradleboard Ceremony. In the Cradleboard Ceremony, the medicine man or woman blesses the child with cattail pollen. If the baby is female, her cradle is lifted empty to the four directions. After this, the baby girl is lifted up facing east. She is then placed in the cradleboard.
When babies begin to walk, a Moccasin Ceremony carries with it blessings that the child will walk a strong, straight path in life. The baby has new moccasins put on before walking a path of pollen that leads to the east. At puberty, girls have a rite of passage ceremony called the Sunrise Ceremony.
This ceremony includes a special feast created by the girl's relatives with invitations sent to friends, neighbors and relatives. On the first day of the ceremony, the young girl has a ritual bath given by a female member of the band. She dresses in a special outfit, after which a male ceremonial singer brings her a special structure where he chants creation songs as the girl performs ceremonial dances.
In the evening, masked dancers come for more ceremonial dancing. Later, men and women come to dance together. The Sunrise Ceremony lasts for four days, ending the morning of the fifth day. As the population suffered from warfare and disease, flexible rules evolved which made it possible to bring in new people. Perhaps this flexibility existed in the early Apache period, but certainly after the number of captive women and children incorporated into the various bands increased.
While poaching and raiding reinforced patrilocal rules, it also enhanced the status of males in Apache society. Such remained the case with most plains Indian groups that hunted buffalo and later adopted a herding economy.
Women's status was more frequently tied to the development of basketry, pottery, and farming. The Lipans and Mescaleros who continued to occupy the Rio Grande valley settled into a herding lifestyle by Hunting and marketing of skins, livestock, and some manufactured items made them an ample living. Juan Antonio Padilla, who traveled through the region a decade later, found these groups to be beneficial to the economy and development of the region.
Padilla found them unwilling to "cultivate the soil," yet they loved "Spanish cooking,'' and most, due to their exchange activity and their many incorporated people, had learned to speak Castilian. They came into Spanish towns frequently to sell goods and food, their tanned deer hides becoming prized items. Apaches initially lived on the plains and remained on friendly terms with almost everyone. As one chronicler put it, "The Teyas [Apaches]. Buffalo herds went south during the winter and the northern Texas plains lacked firewood, making it essential to remain at peace in the sheltered regions of eastern New Mexico.
As more Spanish expeditions entered New Mexico in the s a better understanding of the Apaches' evolving geopolitical and economic role in the region emerged. The Apaches came to aid to other Indian groups, carrying on an extensive exchange of items found in the mountains nearby.
They exchanged salt, game, such as deer, rabbits, and hares and tanned deerskins, as well as mesquite beans and yucca fruit. This commerce between what was slowly becoming mountain-based hunter-gathering Apache bands and the agricultural-based Pueblo Indians had become vital to each side, a clear example of the specialization of production based on the growing importance of the regional political economy.
The falsely held view that the Apache fought with all other groups was untrue. They certainly went to war with others who had hurt them, and they fought with rare ferocity and skill. Just why this occurred has several reasons.
Apache culture and economy and learned the Athapaskan language. This resulting ethnogenesis, or "Apacheanization" of the region, helped to change weaker Indian groups into stronger ones, which changed the direction taken in the Southwest.
The life customs of the Apache Indians were borne from the harsh environment of mountains, deserts and plains in which they lived. Discover the legacy of the Apache and their influence on the world.
Apache Customs and Traditions Every Apache camp had a chief or leader, in most camps the chief was the husband of the oldest mother. When an Apache girl reached a certain age she went through a . Written for high school students and general readers alike, Culture and Customs of the Apache Indians links the storied past of the Apaches with contemporary times. It covers modern-day Apache culture and customs for all eight tribes in Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma since the end of the Apache wars in the s.
The Apache tribe was a nomadic group that lived in a large area in Southwestern America as well as parts of Mexico. Learn about their politics, society, and culture, as well how they dealt with. Among the Chircahua Apache the Girls’ Puberty Ceremony is composed of a series of rituals which reinforce the basic values of Apache culture. During the ceremony, the girl is united spiritually and personally with the most revered of the Chiricahua’s ancestors, White Painted Woman.