How can the level of these suits be decreased? What can employer do to maintain sound interpersonal relationships among the workers? In your research paper, explore how different businesses handle such situations. Are these methods always legal? Compare at least two affirmative action plans. Look for the strengths and weaknesses in them. Online physics homework help. Finding abstract samples How to compose a research project Getting term project cover sheet samples Creating a thesis statement A way to write a Nursing research paper Crafting a term project on knowledge Yellow journalism research project writing How to structure a research project Crafting a paper on stress Problem statement writing hints Creating a research paper intro Writing a paper on academic dishonesty How to buy good research papers APA Master's thesis citation Crafting a research project proposal To Kill a Mockingbird: New ideas on Hamlet Insights for economic research projects Term project topics on Art history Music research project topics Sample MLA bibliographies Finding sample executive summaries Research project reference styles Domestic violence: Ordering a top-quality project Getting example on domestic violence Crafting a paper about GMO food Selection topics on labor unions 10 topic ideas about career planning Opposing viewpoint research paper.
Let the following interesting topic ideas inspire you: Duress and undue influence when signing a contract. Keeping new business running: Paternity leave for a father: Exclusion from anti-trust laws: Base your research paper on real examples. Avoidance of sexual harassment lawsuits within the company. Accidents on the work place: Sometimes, companies deliberately keep bad things back from their customers. When can the unauthorized use of a trademark be justified?
Look for the examples. Can litigation be somehow avoided? Corruption in business law: It is still unclear whether such liquids are covered by tobacco regulations and antismoking laws. This report contains discussions of the regulations addressing health emergencies in 25 jurisdictions , including countries from six continents, the European Union, and the World Health Organization.
All surveys included in this report review government structures tasked with delivering public health protection, relevant legislative frameworks for addressing health emergencies, and the powers of government institutions in times of health crises and their ability to mitigate the consequences of such crises. Analyses of the regulation of such issues as disease surveillance and notification systems are also provided.
A comparative summary and a bibliography are included. This report surveys 71 foreign countries , plus the United States and the European Union , on the issue of whether their laws permit legal immigrants to bring family members into the country for purposes of residence.
For many of the jurisdictions covered, the information provided focuses exclusively on family reunification for permanent residents. A bibliography of selected international and comparative law sources is provided.
This report surveys laws related to asylum granting procedures in countries that are States Parties to the U. It identifies fees charged to applicants in connection with an application for asylum. According to the research findings, the vast majority of countries do not charge a fee for applying for asylum.
The rising number of asylum seekers and immigrants in the late s made migration policy a focus of the federal elections in The Migration Act overhauled German migration policy and placed the focus on long-term residency for migrants, in particular for skilled workers, and on integration measures. The latest amendment to the migration framework, the Integration Act, entered into force in August This report surveys the laws related to the treatment of undocumented migrants who arrived as minors, their eligibility for obtaining legal status and access to social benefits, and their possibilities for becoming citizens.
Additionally, all country surveys provide a general overview of national migration legislation, and past amnesty programs are reviewed to illustrate national efforts in resolving problems involving the legalization of undocumented youth. A comparative summary and map is included. A New Zealand case involving an application for refugee status based on the effects of climate change in the Pacific Island nation of Kiribati has received media attention around the world.
This report surveys the laws of eight democratic foreign jurisdictions with respect to whether there are special laws concerning children asylum-seekers, particularly unaccompanied children. As discussed more fully in the jurisdictional surveys, all of the jurisdictions covered in this report have provisions treating asylum-seeking minors differently from asylum-seeking adults.
This report describes the law and policy on refugees and other asylum seekers in 22 geographically dispersed countries and, at the supranational level, in the European Union. The individual surveys cover such topics as participation in relevant international conventions; laws and regulations governing the admission of refugees and handling refugee claims; processes for handling refugees arriving at the border; procedures for evaluating whether an applicant is entitled to refugee status; the accommodations and assistance provided to refugees in the jurisdiction; requirements for naturalization; and whether asylum policy has been affected by international emergencies, such as the current refugee crisis in Europe.
This report provides information on the laws of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Sweden, and the United Kingdom regarding the right to counsel for detained migrants. All countries included in the study allow detained migrants to be assisted by a lawyer. In most of the countries, it is up to the migrant or asylum seeker to hire counsel; the government does not have an obligation to provide legal services to a person who entered the country without a valid visa or is subject to deportation.
The country surveys reveal a wide variety of legal and regulatory approaches to this issue and the involvement of an array of actors at various jurisdictional levels. This report surveys laws regulating the mandatory legal deposit of electronic materials. Each country survey provides information on the history of e-deposit programs in the country, identifies the national institutions charged with collecting and preserving electronic materials, analyzes the legal framework for depositing digital materials, lists the requirements applicable to publishers of such material, and describes the measures taken to bring e-deposit programs in line with the restrictions established by national copyright laws.
This report contains data on countries, indicating whether or not published books are subject to a mandatory deposit requirement at the national level and, if so, how many copies are required, where they must be deposited, and whether the deposit is part of the copyright system.
Citations to the controlling legislation for mandatory deposits are provided. In all but 13 of the jurisdictions surveyed, deposits are required. For some of these thirteen jurisdictions, deposits are voluntary, while in others, no information regarding deposit practices could be found. Asterisks in the copyright system column indicate that the deposit requirement is contained in the copyright law. This report surveys the law on extensions and adjustments of patents in nine jurisdictions: All of the surveyed jurisdictions provide for a standard patent term of twenty years, and all of them except Canada provide for extensions of protection for certain products that are subject to regulatory approval before they can be marketed.
While Canada currently does not have legislation providing for extensions of patent protection, it is currently negotiating a trade agreement with the European Union that in draft form provides for patent term extensions of two to five years for qualifying pharmaceutical products. In Egypt, free access to the justice system and legal aid are constitutional rights. In recent years, parliaments around the world have enhanced their websites in order to improve access to legislative information and other parliamentary resources.
Innovative features allow constituents and researchers to locate and utilize detailed information on laws and lawmaking in various ways.
These include tracking tools and alerts, apps, the use of open data technology, and different search functions. In some cases, information on more than one website is provided where separate sites have been established for different chambers of the national parliament.
These reports describe national parliaments in a variety of jurisdictions. They trace the establishment of the current national parliamentary systems and locations of these Parliaments. They also discuss the elections of each Parliament's memebers, the members' terms of office, and the legislative process by which bills are introduced and passed into law. The report covers 11 jurisdictions, the report adds India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Pakistan; and the report adds six more reports including the European Parliament and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.
This report provides information on parliamentary oversight mechanisms of the executive branch in Canada , Germany , Italy , Japan , Poland , Sweden , the United Kingdom , and the United States. Specialized permanent or ad hoc parliamentary committees tasked with oversight of government actions in specific areas operate in all the countries surveyed. Both the United States and Canada have established special agencies dedicated to overseeing government activities.
This report summarizes inheritance law in the 19th and 20th centuries in France , Germany , and the United States. French law of the period reflected the egalitarian system of inheritance brought about by the French Revolution, even after reforms instituted by the Napoleonic Code. Nineteenth-century German law was splintered into territorial regimes characterized by differentiated succession rules for the nobility versus the peasantry—a distinction that continued to some extent even after the unified German Civil Code became effective in Early inheritance law in the United States, premised on English law, was a matter of state law as it is today and thus varied, but during the period in question became much more egalitarian with regard to the inheritance rights of women.
In a five-to-two decision, the Israeli Supreme Court rejected petitions by two Jewish husbands against rulings by rabbinical courts subjecting them to the application of twelfth-century social religious sanctions not expressly authorized under Israeli law. The sanctions were designed to pressure husbands to comply with divorce judgements issued against them by rabbinical courts.
The Supreme Court accepted the petitions only with regard to one specific sanction that was held to conflict with current principles of Israeli law. Marriage and divorce in Israel are generally subject to the application of personal status laws of the parties involved. Jewish Israelis who do not qualify under Jewish law or who do not wish to undergo religious ceremonies are trying to find alternative ways to marry and divorce.
The Law on Spousal Agreements for Persons Without a Religion partially addressed the problems of couples where both spouses do not belong to any recognized religion. It did not, however, resolve the problems shared by couples where one spouse does belong to such a religion. The law clearly does not provide a new civil law option to religiously recognized marriages. This report summarizes the treatment of homosexuality in the criminal law of 49 African nations.
Of the jurisdictions surveyed, only South Africa affirmatively permits same-sex marriage and only Nigeria and Uganda explicitly prohibit gay rights advocacy. This chart lists royalty rates for crude oil production in selected countries where production occurs on lands owned or controlled in whole or part by the national government.
The countries selected include leading oil-producing countries that impose royalties; countries that do not impose royalties are excluded. While there are other fiscal instruments used to raise revenue from oil production, this chart focuses solely on royalties. The chart below contains information on laws regulating or banning the use of leg-hold traps in jurisdictions. In a number of jurisdictions the law generally regulates or bans all traps, or prohibits trapping in particular areas, without separately addressing the question of leg-hold traps.
Countries with laws that merely provide in general terms that animals must be treated humanely have not been included. Some countries, such as India and Sri Lanka, have at times considered restrictions on traps but to date have not adopted them; such countries are not listed here. This report includes surveys of 11 jurisdictions. Fuel quality standards, renewable fuel requirements, and vehicle emissions standards are covered, as are strategies for meeting international requirements to address climate change.
The European Union and International Protocols are also discussed. This report summarizes enacted laws on the cultivation and sale of GMOs, as well as public opinion on GM products. In Sweden the slaughter of domestic animals must be done following sedation of the animal. This requirement was first adopted in by the Act on the Slaughter of Domestic Animals and entered into force in The suffering of the animal was referenced as the main concern and remains so today.
Critics of the current law argue that it infringes on the religious freedoms of Swedish citizens, most notably Jews and Muslims.
The UK government has amended the Merchant Shipping Act and has met with industry stakeholders and EU representatives to explore ways to ensure compliance with the new regulations with minimal cost and regulation, secure EU financing to mitigate the significant investment costs for shipowners and ports, and guarantee fair and consistent enforcement of these regulations throughout the EU so that UK ports are not unfairly disadvantaged.
This table compares the regulation of biometric data obtained in connection with passport applications and the preservation of such data in fifteen selected countries. The Court held that the Directive entailed serious interference with the rights to privacy and personal data protection of individuals guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and also failed to establish limits on access by competent national authorities.
This report contains information on laws regulating the collection of intelligence in the European Union, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, and Sweden.
The report details how EU Members States control activities of their intelligence agencies and what restrictions are imposed on information collection. A comparative summary is available.
This report updates a report on the same topic issued from Because issues of national security are under the jurisdiction of individual EU Member States and are regulated by domestic legislation, individual country surveys provide examples of how the European nations control activities of their intelligence agencies and what restrictions are imposed on information collection. This report describes the law of 12 nations and the European Union on whether the government, pursuant to a court order or other government process, can require companies to decrypt encrypted communications or provide the government with the means to do so.
Some of the surveys provide additional information on related surveillance issues like the law on monitoring and intercepting communications. The report finds that while there is a range of approaches among the surveyed countries, a majority make provision for specified intelligence or law enforcement agencies to obtain access to encrypted communications or the means of decryption under certain circumstances.
Five non-EU jurisdictions are also surveyed. A comparative summary is included. They describe the legal framework for the collection, use, and transfer of data, and examine whether existing laws are adequate to deal with online privacy in an era of rapid technological development and globalization. Individuals cannot privately own land in China but may obtain transferrable land-use rights for a number of years for a fee.
Currently, the maximum term for urban land-use rights granted for residential purposes is 70 years. Both urban land-use rights and home ownership are subject to registration. The law provides for registration of land ownership under the name of the government official in charge where ownership has not otherwise been established.
Additionally, it provides for the expropriation of the rights of use and possession of privately-owned land in the region. Such expropriation will be in effect until a political resolution on the status of the region is achieved. However, several countries that have adopted broadly-defined laws on blasphemy and insult to religion, which could potentially be used to prosecute persons for apostasy, have also been included, as well as one country that expressly prohibits extrajudicial punishment for allegations of apostasy.
May Legal Restrictions on Religious Slaughter in Europe This report includes surveys of the laws of twenty-one European jurisdictions concerning the legality of religious slaughter. All European countries that do not allow kosher or halal slaughter of animals are included; some but not all countries that permit such slaughter subject to regulation are also included.
The laws are in force in six out of 29 states. This report surveys the laws related to registration of beneficial owners and disclosure of information on corporate data in the European Union as a whole and in 29 countries.
The individual country entries identify institutions authorized to collect information on beneficial owners, procedures for submitting and updating this information, existing exemptions from disclosure, and requirements for the government to verify the information provided.
They also indicate who has access to the corporate data provided to the authorities and how companies can be held liable for nondisclosure, for providing false information, or otherwise violating relevant legal requirements. This report provides a review of the domestic laws and procedures regulating the travel of children abroad in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico—countries of origin for the majority of unaccompanied children caught crossing the United States border in — The report concludes that the migration legislation of all of the countries surveyed requires parental authorization for all minors traveling outside of the country.
The laws of Mexico and Guatemala make possession of a passport a mandatory requirement for travel, and Honduran law prohibits the travel of unaccompanied minors. EU Members are required to handle requests submitted by unaccompanied minors in conformity with the principle of the best interests of the child. EU asylum law applies to unaccompanied children from the time they arrive at the EU borders, and minors are entitled to remain in the territory of the host state until a final decision is made on their status.
Article 50 has never been used and presents uncharted political and legal territory. It is only applicable to the withdrawal of Member States. As there is no precedent for a Member State leaving the EU, negotiations surrounding the accession of new member states or the withdrawal of countries or territories that are associated with an EU Member State might provide some guidance. As an example of a withdrawal, this report will examine the withdrawal of Greenland, an autonomous territory within the EU Member State Denmark, from the European Economic Community.
Algeria, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia have adopted broad definitions of terrorism, raising concerns that they could include acts of political dissent. At various points they have also adopted criminal procedure provisions that lowered certain restrictions for investigations of crimes labeled as crimes of terrorism, made the financing of terrorism a separate offense, and required all suspicious financial transactions to be subject to scrutiny by special financial units before they are referred to the competent criminal authorities.
In addition, Morocco and Saudi Arabia recognize that there is a religious component to the acts of terrorism committed by many terrorist organizations. They proclaim to have established special programs to seek to address this element of terrorism by means other than the criminal justice system. This chart reports on jurisdictions that have laws punishing at least one of the three crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, or war crimes.
In cases for which it is known that the laws have actually been applied, that information is included. Israel has engaged in prisoner-swap deals numerous times throughout its history.
The release of members of organizations it considers to be terrorist organizations and of those convicted of terrorism-related offenses has been increasingly contested by the Israeli public. The Court, however, declined to review the merits of governmental decisions to release prisoners and refused to order the government to adopt any fixed rules for future negotiations.
This report describes the laws of eight European countries that prohibit investment in certain controversial weapons.
Current Legal Topics. Research & Reports | Guide to Law Online | Legal Research Guides | Legal The legal research reports listed below by topic provide commentary and recommended resources on issues and events. These reports are provided for reference purposes only and do not constitute legal advice. The information provided reflects.
Find research guides and other resources by topic, from Administrative Law to World Trade Law. Find research guides and other resources by topic, from Administrative Law to World Trade Law. Resources For: Students; Alumni; Finding a Paper Topic (Research Guide) HLS Dissertations, Theses, and Third Year Papers (Research Guide).
Criminal Law Topics for Research Paper Criminal law is defined as the legal system that concerns itself with punishing offenders. Criminal law's primary function is punitive in nature. Ideas for Research Paper Topics in International and Comparative Law Below is a list of webpages to visit to get ideas for research paper topics in international and comparative law. Click on the blue links to go directly to those pages.
Research within librarian-selected research topics on Areas of Law from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. Sep 10, · Law Dissertation Topics & Ideas. We have collated some dissertation topics and ideas below to help get your dissertation off to a good start! Civil Litigation Law.