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History: Jewish/The Spanish Inquisition term paper 3757

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❶This was the start of the first inquisition. It then became the major crime to be dealt with in the Inquisitorial Courts.

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Essays on Spanish inquisition

The Jews were angry because the Christians took their religion, changed some ideas and principles, and called the outcome Christianity. The Jews and Christians were never friendly after the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, and this was just the climax of their hate for each other.

However, the Christians were the ones that were in the position to get revenge, and they did, by persecuting the Jews to a murderous extent, and calling it the Inquisition. The persecutors were called Inquisitors.

Those were not afraid of killing and torturing, ruthless people without a pity. They wanted to keep pure Spanish race, and to do so they tried to prevent any possibility for intermarriage of Christians and Jews. Government considered Inquisition the only way to prevent such. Aside from religious reasons, there were also some very strong political reasons for the Spanish Inquisition. The main political reason for the Spanish Inquisition was that there was a threat to the The Christians of Spain, who at the time were the majority, were outraged at the Jews for many reasons, some which refer back to the religious reasons.

The Monarchs of Spain, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, began to realize that if the tension of the citizens increased a little more, riots and mass killing would break out, possibly leading to a religious civil war.

The method they used to control the citizens was the Spanish Inquisition. Under extreme torture, the inquisitors lead the Jewish man into confessing that he, along with other Jews, took a four year old Christian boy and crucified him to a wooden cross, which was not true.

Although nobody was ever found or reported missing, it still fueled an outrage in thee Christian community. Torquemada took advantage of this situation by persuading the King and Queen to expel the Jews from Spain. Because of bribery and gifts from the Jews, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were hesitant to expel them, but Torquemada's overwhelming influence on them lead to the expulsion of the Jews in AD.

The summer of was a sad one by which the Jews were given four months to leave. The loss of the Jew's social, commercial, economical, scientific, and educational skills, did immense damage onto Spain as a whole, but nobody realized it. The people of Spain thought that they were actually better off without the Jews. Once the Inquisition was established all throughout Spain in AD, an effective way of governing was needed.

The main office of the Inquisition, located in Madrid, was called the Suprema. It was named as a branch of government in Spain. In every major city of the Spanish Empire there consisted an Inquisitorial Court who reported to the Suprema.

At the time, the Spanish government was very unstable and unorganized. It was said that the Suprema was the only effective branch of the Spanish government. Because of this, the Suprema rose to great power. At times, the power of the Grand Inquisitor rivaled and overpowered the monarchy. With the establishment of the Suprema and the Inquisitorial Courts, the Inquisition became very effective and the death tole of heretics and morranos sky-rocketed.

Along with the spread of the Spanish Empire to the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Inquisition also spread. The new world offered a new variety of victims to fill its prisons, since the amount of Jewish and Morrano victims were growing scarce. Because Spanish women were not allowed to colonize in the new world, the men interacted with native women.

This sin was called cohabitation and the church viewed it with extreme disfavor. It then became the major crime to be dealt with in the Inquisitorial Courts.

Through the strength of the Spanish Empire, the Inquisition became the most dominant in Spanish society. By this point, when the Suprema challenged the authority of the monarch, the Grand Inquisitors were appointed by the Suprema instead of the monarches. The Suprema had great power and took out political and criminal cases just as the state would. The remaining heretics left were dealt in mass burnings in festival type atmospheres.

The way the Inquisitors dealt with executions were in carnival type occasions called Auto-da-fes, or Sermo Generalises. These festivals required elaborate preparations and would attract thousands.

The accused heretics would be dressed in a comical but satanic attire and put on display for the people to laugh at as they walked by. At the end of the festival, the crimes of each heretic were announced. Then the thousands would gather and watch the heretics go up in flames on steaks. The church officials were forbidden to shed blood, so the executions were carried out by the state. While the heretics were burning, the King, Queen, and the church officials sat in the front row snickering at the burning corpses.

In the late 's and early 's there were few heretics left the Spanish Empire. Only a handful of the cases dealt by the Inquisitorial Courts were actually dealing with religion. By this time the state was dealing with real criminals through the Inquisitors.

The papacy became angry at this abuse, but did not have the power to stop it at the time. The Inquisition gradually came to an end in the mid 's, as Spain completed its task of "purifying the nation". By this point they were in a huge lack of education and were not industrially adequate to enter the 20th century along with power-house industrial neighbors such as England.

Reminisce of the Inquisition lasted into the early 20th century where suspected descendents of Jews were punished, which was pointless because practically everyone in Spain were descendents of these people.

It was not till , five-hundred years after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, when King Juan Carlos officially invited the Jews to return to their homeland in Spain and addressed a formal apology to them. The long history of the Spanish Inquisition serves as a reminder of the bigotry and the persecution that took place. It is only one of many persecuting acts that are piled on top of Jewish history.

Many Christians look back onto the Inquisition with shame and humidity. Many Christians believed that the conversos were not true to the faith and this blasphemy merits expulsion from Spain Lea, The Inquisition In , the proof that these skeptical Christians wanted surfaced. A young man was courting a young Jewish girl. This celebration was, in fact, the Jewish Passover. This problem was further accentuated because the Passover occurred at the same time as the Catholic Holy Week.

A few months later, at the urging to the heads of the Spanish Church, Pope Sixtus issued a Papal Bull, a letter from the pope to all Christian countries, giving authority to an Inquisition Slade, 3 ; however, the Spanish Crown was given authorization Lea, The Inquistion The expulsion of Judaism was only a pretext, not the true reason of the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition; Ferdinand and Isabella had ulterior motives Slade, 3.

Ferdinand was a devious king and wished to destroy local autonomy throughout Spain. He saw the Inquisition as a weapon for furthering centralization and his political control. Ferdinand also saw the opportunity to put those imprisoned during the Inquisition to hard labor.

The crown also had the chance to add to its wealth by repossessing goods and property of the accused. Both Ferdinand and Isabella had a strong religious piety and supported ecclesiastical reform in Spain. Isabella was even to have vowed during her youth to eradicate the Jewish population in Spain if given the crown. They had jurisdiction in all matters of heresy and blasphemy. An Inquisitor General was selected by the crown to preside over the meetings of the Suprema and head the entire inquisition.

Torquemada was a zealous Catholic who believed that non-Catholics posed a threat to destroy the Church and the country of Spain.

Hauben, Thirteen local tribunals were set up all around Spain and were controlled by the Suprema. In each of these tribunals, there were two or three inquisitor-judges, a prosecutor, secretaries, and theological consultants. These local tribunals had dual duties being judicial and enforcement.

Unlike judicial courts, these tribunals had the ability of investigation. An inquisitor who issued an Edict of Faith visited each tribunal every year the Edict of Faith, which was a miniature questionnaire given to Christians under the threat of excommunication to opportunity to denunciate heretics. When the tribunal saw something suspicious or something suspicious was reported it would publish an Edict of Grace, which allowed a period of thirty to forty days to all those who wished to come forward to confess their sin.

Confessors were usually pardoned or only given a light sentence, but there was a catch: This tactic made the Christian public spies for the tribunals; this entailed less work for the tribunal. Once the period in the Edict of Grace ended, those who were accused had their possessions taken by the state and were brought to trial Lea, Religious History The only way a person could save himself from being convicted as if he made a list of his enemies, and if it contained any of his accusers, then their evidence was discontinued.

However, the biggest problem in the legal procedure was that the accused never knew the identity his accusers and their witnesses. The accused was given a court appointed counselor, whose purpose was to convince the accused to make a sincere confession If a confession was made, a punishment was dependent on the gravity of the offence.

For example, in a case in Seville, a smith had the habit of saying: The most serious offense would be the practice of Judaism, Protestantism, Islam, or anything non-Catholic. A person accused of practicing these religions would be killed or expelled from the country.


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- The Spanish Inquisition What was the Spanish Inquisition. The Spanish Inquisition persecuted and discriminated against minorities in the Iberia Peninsula who opposed to the practice and ideologies of the Catholic Church.

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The Spanish Inquisition was the most famous of the numerous Papal Inquisition that took place during the Middle Ages. In three hundred years that it lasted, the accused, which included Jews, Moors, Lutherans, and those who were accused of practicing witchcraft, had their possessions taken by the state, their fates tried in the papal .

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It presents the concept of the Inquisition, the start of the Spanish Inquisition, and its functioning. The Inquisition or the Holy Tribunal was an establishment of the Roman Catholic Church, which had the main aims to conduct a . The Spanish Inquisition was a judicial institution established by the. church in Spain during the Middle Ages. It was in charge of seeding out. Jews whom, because of the pressure, basically instantly converted to Christianity.. The Spanish Inquisition occurred from fourteen seventy-eight to /5(3).

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The Spanish Inquisition Essay Words | 5 Pages ("The Spanish Inquisition:" n.d.) Isabella looked upon this removal of about , of her subjects as a "pious duty". (The Spanish Inquisition, ) Under Torquemada's reign the Inquisition spread. By about there were 19 courts in cities such as Seville, Cordova, Villareal, and Toledo. Spanish Inquisition Essay is on what role inqusition played in Catholic Church. What's the reason, reasons for the spanish inquistion to appear.