Learn more about Philosophy. What Are the Main Branches of Philosophy? The main branches of philosophy include axiology, epistemology, metaphysics and logic. There are also various subdivisions within the three branches, such You May Also Like Q: Why Is Peace Important? According to this paradigm, researchers are interested to collect general information and data from a large social sample instead of focusing details of research. The positivism philosophical approach is mainly related with the observations and experiments to collect numeric data Easter-by-Smith et al Interpretivism can be referred as the Social Constructionism in the field of management research.
According to this philosophical approach research give importance to their beliefs and value to give adequate justification for a research problem Easterby- Smith et al. With the help of this philosophical, researchers focus to highlight the real facts and figures according to the research problem. This kind of philosophical approach understand specific business situation. In this approach, researchers use small sample and evaluate them in detail to understand the views of large people Kasi This research philosophy mainly concentrates in the reality and beliefs that are already exist in the environment.
In this philosophical approach, two main approaches are direct and critical realism McMurray, Pace and Scott Direct reality means, what an individual feels, see, hear, etc. On the other hand, in critical realism, individuals argue about their experiences for a particular situation Sekaran and Bougie This is associated with the situation of social constructivism, because individual tries to prove his beliefs and values. Ontology is based on the nature of reality. It is classified on the basis of objectivism and subjectivism.
The first aspect of ontology, objectivism portrays the position that social objects persist in reality external to social actors. Secondly, subjectivism is concerned on the social phenomena which are emerged from the perceptions and consequences of those social actors concerned with their existence.
For example, the Filmfare Award ceremony is the high cultural experience which is organized by the Government of India. The government officials, ministers, celebrity of national as well as international level are invited in this programme. The researcher adopts subjectivism philosophy to determine their temperament and attitude.
Epistemology is understood about the acceptable knowledge of a particular area of study. It can be divided into two aspects; resources researcher and feeling researcher.
The philosophical approach of natural scientist is observed in positivism as the work of natural scientist is based on observable social entity. Research strategy is approached on the basis of data collection and hypothesis development. These hypotheses will be tested and confirmed which can be used for further research.
Another feature of this philosophy is that the positivist researcher follows highly structured methodology in order to facilitate the hypothesis. Furthermore, positivism works on quantifiable observations and accordingly statistical analysis is obtained. For example, the resources researcher cannot manipulate during data collection procedure as they are independent to the subject of the research.
For example, a research was conducted on the basis of flexi working on the female workforce throughout India. In positivism, these hypotheses are tested and result is confirmed by the researcher to develop a theory. Realism is another philosophical branch of epistemology which relates to scientific enquiry.
The core feature of realism is pertained to disclose the truth of reality and the existence of the objects are prevalent independently in the human mind. Realism is classified as direct realism and critical realism.
Direct realism explains what is experienced by our senses and that are attained by the researcher. On the other hand, the critical realism expresses that what is experienced by our sensations those are images of the real world, not the reality. The difference between the two is that the first is related to the capacity of research what is studied and the critical realist recognizes the importance of multi-level study in the context of the individual, the group and the organization.
There is a difference between direct realism and critical realism. Critical realism claims that there are two stages to experience this world. Firstly, sensation is conveyed to experience the object or people or event and the nest stage is our mental process starts working after the sensations.
Interpretivism is a branch epistemology which is focused to the assessment the differences between humans as social actors. The issue of difference is emphasized on the difference between conducting research among people rather than objects such as medicines and computer.
research philosophy will enable to assist the researchers with different types of methodologies and as such avoiding inappropriate and unrelated works. Lastly, by understanding the basic meaning of research philosophy and understanding its advantages and benefits, it helps the researcher to be more creative and exploratory in their method of research.
Discussion of research philosophy in your dissertation should include the following: You need to specify the research philosophy of your study. Your research philosophy can be pragmatism, positivism, realism or interpretivism as discussed below. The reasons behind .
Research paradigm and philosophy is an important part of research methodology in order to collect data in effective and appropriate manner. According to Johnson and Christensen (), research paradigm is a perspective that is based on the set of shared assumptions, values, concepts and practices. Research philosophy is also defined with the help of research paradigm. In the words of Cohen, Manion and Morrison (), research paradigm can be defined as the broad framework, which comprises perception, beliefs and understanding of several theories and practices that are .
Research philosophy is the development of logical reasoning that incorporates contemporary ideas with previously established methods of thought through structural phases. Research philosophy is an important part of research methodology. Research philosophy is classified as ontology, epistemology and axiology. These philosophical approaches enable to decide which approach should be adopted by the researcher and why, which is derived from research questions (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, ).