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SECTIONALISM

Sectionalism

❶Local news and opinion traveled much faster than nationwide communications and by the time the Southern States seceded from the Union, the U.

Was the American Civil War Inevitable?

Growth of Sectional Identities
And The War Came
What Were the Two Sides in the American Civil War?

This was the start of the Civil War. Firing on Fort Sumter Long Term Causes The South believed that slavery was perfectly acceptable because of its major role in cotton production. Here, slavery was legal. Southerners considered slaves property, not people.

They tried to pass laws in the North such as the Fugitive Slave Act, which required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves. The North's population was made up of mostly abolitionists, or people who strongly favored the abolition of slavery. Consequently, the North's states were free. For decades, the two regions argued over keeping or eliminating slavery.

Eventually, the South seceded and war began. Conflict Over Slavery in the Territories Economic Differences Between the North and South From to , the Union attempted compromise multiple times to prevent war from beginning.

In , the Missouri Compromise maintained balance in the Senate by banning slavery in the rest of the LA Purchase north of the 36"30' North latitude line. In , after the start of the Mexican War, David Wilmot introduced the Wilmot Proviso, which would ban slavery in any lands bought from Mexico. This was met with protests in the South The Compromise of was a group of laws declaring that CA would enter as a free state, new territories would have no limits on slavery, and that the slave trade would be banned in Washington, D.

In the Kansas-Nebraska Act was thought of by Steven Douglas and passed, supporting the idea of popular sovereignty. The last effort to compromise was made in Senator John Crittenden suggested numerous amendments to the Constitution to protect slavery south of the 36"30' North latitude line.

Though Congress tried many times to settle the arguments, war was inevitable. Failure of Compromise in Congress This is a short term cause because it happened quickly after all, Lincoln was elected in just one day.

Within a month, the first effects of this event had started - South Carolina seceded from the Union. Not soon after , the Civil War began. All in all, the election of Lincoln was something that quickly brought our country to war. North was very industrialized - had the factory system, new machines the sewing machine and power-driven loom , improved transportation steamboats, clipper ships, locomotives, , and good communication the telegraph.

Even though slavery had practically disappeared in the North, it grew stronger in the South because of the revolutionization of cotton picking. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, which could clean cotton much faster than before. Farmers now wanted to grow more cotton to make more money, so they needed more laborers to do the work.

So, the value of slaves increased , Industry developed slowly in the South, and agriculture was extremely profitable in this region. So, most Southerners didn't want to industrialize. The regions' people had conflicting views on how the economy should work. Eventually the South left the Union and the Civil War began. The differences between the North's and South's economies are considered a long term cause of the Civil War because they happened over a long period of time and "built up" to the major event - the first battle of the War.

Over a period of 70 years, the two regions became different from each other in business and economy. This made conflicts arise and eventually led to battle. Secession of the Southern States Works Cited The Secession of the Southern States is considered a short term cause of the Civil War because it happened very quickly - in a matter of just a few months.

From November to February, 7 states seceded from the Union. This rapid change to our country's structure led us directly to the Battle at Fort Sumter, which marked the beginning of the war. The firing on Fort Sumter is considered a short term cause of the Civil War because it brought our country straight into battle. The fighting at the fort took place in just two days.

Within this time period, Lincoln decided to fight back against the Confederates. Lincoln's decision immediately began the Civil War. Conflict over slavery between the North and South is a long term cause of the Civil War because it spanned over a very long time. For over 50 years, the two territories disputed on the issue of slavery and whether it was legal or not. Eventually, the South became fed up and left the Union. The failure of Compromise in Congress is a long term cause of the Civil War because it went on for many years with many attempts at striking a balance.

Despite the countless tries at negotiation, neither side was willing to back down or give something up. However, this left the slave-free balance unresolved, and enabled future states to ignite further sectional disputes. By the mids, sectional tensions in Congress resulted in a new political party: A party of anti-slavery forces, the Republicans placed the national spotlight on the so-called "Slave Power. Meanwhile, Southerners reacted to the Republicans with paranoia, believing the party was intent on eliminating slavery in the South.

While some Republicans did indeed have this goal, most merely wanted to halt its expansion into the Western territories. In , the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln for the presidency. Despite Lincoln's stated commitment to halt slavery's expansion in the West, but maintain it where it already existed, Southerns believed he would ban slavery outright.

Sectional jealousies came to a head, and South Carolina became the first state to secede by the end of Other Southern states, distrustful of the Northern section of the country, followed South Carolina's lead, and this rebellion resulted in the Civil War.

Kevin Wandrei has written extensively on higher education. His work has been published with Kaplan, Textbooks. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. Shifting Political Landscape University of Houston: Why do people fight? Preston Brooks and Charles Sumner. About the Author Kevin Wandrei has written extensively on higher education.

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From the United States' foundation in through the s, sectionalism gradually brought the country closer to Civil War. The issue of slavery dominated national politics, and both sides -- the North and the South -- rapidly hardened their opposition or support for the institution.

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South carolina immediately maden.ga southern states followed,forming the maden.ga states of the upper south seceded after war broke out Fort Sumter Locoln sent supplies to his fort in Charleston maden.gaarate . Long & Short Term Causes of the Civil War When the Republicans won the presidential election of they promised not to disturb slavery where it already existed. But, Southerners didn't trust Republicans to protect their rights, so they decided to secede from the Union starting with South Carolina in December of

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In the years prior to the American Civil War, a separate sense of cultural, political and economic identity developed and took hold between the North and the South that helped lead to the conflict. Sectionalism, which refers to loyalty to a section of a nation rather than to the nation as a whole. Civil War and Reconstruction. The result was the Civil War, the nation's ultimate sectional drama. After four years of fighting, the North triumphed, forever squelching southern designs for a separate nation. The union was preserved, but southern sectionalism remained powerful.