Each second-level subheading should discuss a primary supporting argument for the main idea it falls under. Progress to a three-level outline. A three-level outline is even more complex, but if done right, it can help you to structure your research paper even more thoroughly. You use Roman numerals, capital letters, and standard numbers for this version.
Next to each third-level subsection, you should address the topic of a paragraph that falls under the corresponding second-level section or main idea above it. Use a four-level outline, when necessary. These outlines are about the most complex you would expect to need for a research paper, and if you choose this structure, you will use Roman numerals, capital letters, standard numbers, and lowercase letters for your levels.
The fourth-level subheadings should address supporting statements, citations, or ideas within each paragraph listed in the third-level sections. Every heading and subheading should maintain a structure that is parallel to the other headings within its level. Parallelism also refers to parts of speech and tense. If a heading starts with a verb, then the other headings must also start with a verb. Moreover, that verb must also be in the same tense usually present tense.
The information provided by your first major heading should be equal in importance to the information offered in your second major heading.
The same can be said of sentences in subheadings, as well. Your major headings should identify major tasks or ideas. Your subheadings should elaborate on the points addressed in your major headings. The information in your headings should be general and the subheadings should be more specific.
For instance, if you were writing about memorable experiences from your childhood, "Memorable Childhood Experiences" would be the heading and the subheadings might look something like, "Vacation at 8 years old," "Favorite birthday party," and "Family trips to the park. Each major heading should be divided into two or more parts. In other words, you should have at least two subheadings for every major heading. There is no limit on subheadings, but once you start forming a dozen or so subheadings under a single heading, you might find your outline looking cluttered and messy.
Identify the research problem. As you prepare to write your outline, you need to specifically identify the research problem you are trying to address. This will guide the entire formation of your outline and your paper. From this research problem, you will derive your thesis statement. A thesis statement is a single sentence that sums up the entire purpose or argument of your research paper.
This thesis statement will usually be written above the outline itself or within the first "Introduction" heading of the outline. Your research problem can also help you figure out a title. Identify your main categories. You also need to figure out what main points you plan on covering. All of these main points will be listed in your introduction and listed as part or all of you major headings for the body part of your paper.
The main points are details that support or address your research paper. They should be very general in nature. Take a look at your research topic and determine the best possible order to deliver information. You might end up using a chronological arrangement or a spatial arrangement, but as a general rule, you will go from general ideas to specific ones.
Chronological arrangements generally only work if you have a topic that has some chronological history to it. For example, if you were researching the history of modern medicine, it would make sense that your paper and outline follow a chronological order. If your research topic does not have a history, though, you will probably end up using a spatial structure.
For instance, if you are researching the effects of television and video games on the adolescent brain, you probably would not follow the chronology of the research. Instead, you might describe the different contemporary schools of thought on the issue or otherwise follow some other spatial arrangement of ideas. Establish your major headings. Your first and last headings will be your "Introduction" and "Conclusions" sections, respectively.
The other major headings will be represented by the main or major categories of your paper. In these instances, you can usually skip these two sections altogether, but you will need to write your thesis statement separately and above the outline. Know what to include in your Introduction. Your "Introduction" heading will need to include your thesis, at minimum. You might also want to briefly list your main points and your hook. Note that these elements will usually be listed as subpoints, not as major headings.
The major heading for the section will be "Introduction. Understand what the body of your outline will consist of. Each main heading within the body portion of your outline will be labeled by a short phrase or sentence addressing a main category of your research paper. As with the actual paper itself, this portion of your outline will hold all the significant content. A Relatively Recent Problem: In prior generations, men developed social skills and backbone through upbringings based on work and community involvement cite sources.
Teaching males to be polite and risk averse has rendered many men sexually invisible in the eyes of women cite sources. Involuntary celibacy has not been prevalent in Europe or South America, where most boys are taught behaviors that instill them with "game" as they reach sexual maturity cite sources. Holes in Prior Studies: Few researchers have explored the part that women have played in dividing men into categories of alphas, betas and omegas cite sources.
Even after years of effort to overcome this problem, most incels suffer from extreme social anxieties and find it nearly impossible to interact with the opposite sex. Simplistic advice like "these men just need to get out and interact more often," is both unhelpful and condescending; most of these men have tried that numerous times to no avail cite sources.
The assumption that male incels are uniformly ill-groomed, overweight and ugly is untrue in many cases cite sources. In contemporary urban culture, the hook-up based dating scene has been very isolating for socially awkward men. Clubs, bars, campuses and other peer-oriented environments have generated a culture of hypergamous behavior among women cite sources. Pickup techniques, which typically involve the mimicking of alpha behavior, do not work for most of these men because the social awkwardness that causes involuntary celibacy is often due to Asperger syndrome or imbalances in the limbic system cite sources.
The growing number of incels is bad for society because men who lag in their love lives ultimately become despondent and end up lagging physically and financially. Despondency among incels can lead to alcoholism, unhealthy food consumption and suicidal tendencies cite sources. Pornography is no substitute for most incels, who desperately need real intimacy cite sources.
Raising men to be meek and passive, while at the same time encouraging women to demand more and more from men at large, has left society in a predicament where fewer men are able to attract women. When a majority of women are competing over a minority of men, vast numbers of men become disillusioned and less productive, which can negatively impact the economy cite sources.
Hypergamy often leads to spinsterhood because, by the time many women feel their body clocks ticking and realize they need to stop the alpha pursuit, many same-aged betas and omegas will have already given up on women and the dating scene cite sources. Restatement of the Thesis: The current number of American incels, which could be in the hundreds of thousands, is hard to determine since most men suffering this condition are too ashamed to be forthcoming about their problem, but women can help these men by offering sympathy, understanding, encouragement and sound advice on how to socialize and be more attractive.
Sympathy should not be mistaken for pity; the way to show sympathy towards incels is to destigmatize the problem so than sufferers can be more open and candid about their experiences.
Going forward, society could work collectively towards helping these men overcome this problem. It could all start with women, who could kindly tell these men to man up if emasculated , stand up for themselves if passive and improve their grooming and hygiene if slovenly. At the same time, women need to stop giving these men fluffy and vague advice, such as "be nice and open" or "just be yourself"—things that most incels have tried for years to no avail.
Ultius is the trusted provider of content solutions for consumers around the world. Go to Homepage current My Account my. Core offerings Browse by service type Start your search By selecting a service type. Research Outline Step 5: Types of Papers 3: Works Cited Page Sample Introduction If you were to write a paper about involuntary celibacy incel among men, you would introduce the topic by a defining the problem in one line, b specifying the segment of men affected by this problem and c mentioning the words and phrases that constantly apply to this topic, like beta male and incel.
Sample Thesis Statement A thesis on the topic of incels could summarize the rise and prevalence of this problem and what society as a whole, and women in particular, could do to make things better for these men. Sample Background On the topic of male involuntary celibacy, you could talk about whether the problem has escalated proportionately in other countries over the last few decades or if it has mostly been confined to the United States.
Sample Major Point One major point to address would be the social anxieties suffered by male incels. Sample Minor Point For the above major point, a suitable minor point would be for you to debunk the simplistic types of knee jerk responses that most people would have towards this topic, such as "these men just need to get out and interact more often.
Ultius Writing Services Writing research papers can be hard, and Ultius is here to help. Additional Major and Minor Points Additional major points for this topic could cover issues like the prospects of incels within the impersonalized urban sprawl of today's dating scene, as well as the ill psychological effects of a sexless, loveless life and how the present day emasculation of men has run contrary to modern female expectations.
Sample Conclusion For the topic of incels, you could conclude the paper by summarizing the current extent of the problem and suggest some ways that women could help these men overcome their awkwardness and live better lives. Tested Daily Click to Verify. The Ultius Promise With every order, you can count on the following: Every order comes with these free features: Terms Privacy Fair Use.
Research Paper Outline Examples Once you've decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or what you will be including in your discussion.
Aug 23, · Writing an outline for a research paper can seem like a time consuming task, and you may not understand the value of it if you have never written one before. Outlines can help you structure your research and your final paper in much more efficient ways, though, so it is a good idea that you learn 77%(62).
The outline structure is approximately the same whether you write a research outline on dreams or some topic distant from this one, like a research outline for PhD application. The structure is identical to the structure of the research paper itself. A properly done outline can also help prevent you from going off on tangents or writing incomplete paragraphs and sentences. Essentially, an outline will spare you from time-consuming mistakes and allow you to focus your energy on crafting a compelling, eloquent and educational research paper.
The research paper outline is essential for any article or term paper. The outline may make a great difference on how your work is interpreted. This article is a part of the guide. What is an outline for a research paper and how to write an outline for a research paper? The primary thing is to provide a clear definition. An academic project outline is an action plan a student prepares not to get lost during the process of writing, and this piece reflects the main points of the text.