This pattern is marked by such transitions as next, then, the following morning, a few hours later, still later, that Wednesday, by noon, when she was seventeen, before the sun rose, that April , and so on. Chronological order can suit different rhetorical modes or patterns of exposition. It naturally fits in narration, because when we tell a story, we usually follow the order in which events occur. Chronological order applies to process in the same way, because when we describe or explain how something happens or works, we usually follow the order in which the events occur.
But chronological order may also apply to example, description, or parts of any other pattern of exposition. Another principle of organization is spatial order.
In this pattern, items are arranged according to their physical position or relationships. In describing a shelf or desk, I might describe items on the left first, then move gradually toward the right.
Describing a room, I might start with what I see as I enter the door, then what I see as I step to the middle of the room, and finally the far side. In explaining some political or social problem, I might discuss first the concerns of the East Coast, then those of the Midwest, then those of the West Coast. Describing a person, I might start at the feet and move up to the head, or just the other way around.
This pattern might use such transitions as just to the right, a little further on, to the south of Memphis, a few feet behind, in New Mexico, turning left on the pathway , and so on.
Spatial order is pretty common in description, but can also apply to examples, to some comparisons, some classifications [the southern species of this bird. A third common principle of organization is climactic order or order of importance.
In this pattern, items are arranged from least important to most important. Typical transitions would include more important, most difficult, still harder, by far the most expensive, even more damaging, worse yet, and so on. A variation of climactic order is called psychological order.
This pattern or organization grows from our learning that readers or listeners usually give most attention to what comes at the beginning and the end, and least attention to what is in the middle. In this pattern, then, you decide what is most important and put it at the beginning or the end; next you choose what is second most important and put it at the end or the beginning whichever remains ; the less important or powerful items are then arranged in the middle.
If the order of importance followed 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, with 5 being most important, psychological order might follow the order 4, 3, 1, 2, 5. Still other principles of organization based on emphasis include general-to-specific order , specific-to general order , most-familiar-to-least-familiar , simplest-to-most-complex , order of frequency , order of familiarity , and so on.
A fourth broad principle of organization is called topical order , and this is sort of a catchall pattern. It refers to organization that emerges from the topic itself. For example, a description of a computer might naturally involve the separate components of the central processing unit, the monitor, and the keyboard, while a discussion of a computer purchase might discuss needs, products, vendors, and service. A discussion of a business might explore product, customer, and location, and so on.
Topical order, then, simply means an order that arises from the nature of the topic itself. I'm not sure any single list can identify all of the different logical ways of organizing information. You may have forms in your workplace that impose a certain order on how an event or action is reported. Many people trying to persuade others to change policy or behavior often examine the issue in the order of need or problem first, then the benefits of the change, then the mechanics or ease of implementing the change.
You may see a question-answer pattern, a problem-solution pattern, or sometimes a solution-problem pattern. You will also see and use combinations of patterns as your ideas and purposes become more complex. You do need to see, though, that imposing order on information makes the information easier to talk about, easier to understand, and easier to remember.
If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern on the level of the single paragraph, and also on the level of the whole essay body , you guide yourself in selecting details and choosing transitions, and you also guide your reader in discovering relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. It is used here with his permission. How you find organization. Sorry, your browser doesn't support Java.
She identifies these as examples and illustrations narration description process comparison and contrast analogy cause and effect classification and division definition But these are not exclusively patterns of organization. Principles of Organization I think you can develop a more flexible sense of organization if you also look at some patterns that are more exclusively patterns or principles of organization.
Chronological Order order of Time In chronological order or time order , items, events, or even ideas are arranged in the order in which they occur. Spatial Order Another principle of organization is spatial order. Climactic Order Order of Importance A third common principle of organization is climactic order or order of importance.
Topical Order A fourth broad principle of organization is called topical order , and this is sort of a catchall pattern. Be sure to recognize that that these principles offer many variations. If you are looking for cheap essay service in the US, nothing can be better opting for 6DollarEssay. As I have already had some bad experiences with writing services, I asked 6DollarEssay. They obliged and provided me with adraft of the work which I must say was a great piece of writing that impressed my professor as well.
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VI. Emphatic Order: Besides creating an outline using chronological order, the emphatic order method is often used. Emphatic order asks you to organize your paper in the order of how strong your examples are (hence the word "emphatic" or placing emphasis on certain information over other pieces of information based upon importance).
Posted by Bryan on January 20th, Emphatic order in essays Write a essay English edited and corrected for business academics and ocdsb homework help order in essays personal writing ACS ChemWorx. Logical order is the degree to which the ideas within the body of the paragraph flow from. Essay order requires that all.
Communicate Opinions emphatic the Theme Even though it could possibly be wrong to state personal thoughts within the body of specified forms of documents, the final essay is an effective location for order discourse emphatic the theme. Posted by Bryan on January essay, Emphatic order in essays Write a essay English edited emphatic corrected for business academics and emphatic order in essays personal writing ACS ChemWorx. Order order is the degree to which the ideas within the body of the paragraph flow from.
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