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How to Write the Conclusion of an Essay

How to Write A Conclusion

❶Conclude with a shocking, surprising or humorous statement. The conclusion of an essay may be the most important element of the essay.

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However, you might expand this theme to include the idea that as human knowledge grows, space is actually becoming smaller. Consider whether you can link your argument to a different context.

This helps your reader understand how they could apply the arguments you made to another topic, giving your essay a bigger sense of purpose. Start with a small transition optional. This can be a cue to your reader that you're ending your essay, and that they need to pay attention.

Though a lot of essays begin their last paragraph with a transition, you don't need to if you feel like it's clear enough that you are ending your essay. The transition can be very simple. Briefly summarize some of the main points.

Try taking the first sentences of each body paragraph your topic sentences and rewriting their main points in two or three sentences. This will reinforce your essay's argument, reminding the reader what you were talking about, or arguing for. Avoid summarizing your points exactly as you wrote them. Your readers have already read your essay.

Keep it short and sweet. Any less, and you probably haven't summarized your points enough; any more, and you're probably rambling on a bit too much.

Be sure to work your thesis statement into the conclusion in one way or another. You should reference it as you end your essay, even if it's only in passing. Remember, your thesis is the main point of your essay, something you're arguing for. If someone who reads your conclusion still doesn't know what your thesis is, you haven't done a good-enough job of telling them. Find a way to rework your thesis in an interesting way, using different language.

Write authoritatively on your subject. Sounding authoritative means using the right words as opposed to just any old words , relying on solid evidence from other sources, and believing in your own ability to write. Saying "I think" sounds like you're hedging and makes you sound less authoritative.

Don't apologize for your views. They're your ideas, so take ownership of them. Never say something like "I may not be an expert" or "At least this is my opinion," [9] as this weakens your reliability.

End with a flourish. Your last sentence should be elegant, to the point, and provocative. This is easier said than done. But it all starts with illustrating the point of your essay. Ask yourself What is my essay about, and what am I saying? Be playful with your last sentence and pose an ironic by-product of what you're talking about. Then, the end of your essay becomes especially provocative.

Make an appeal to emotions. Much of the time, essays are very rational, forgetting about emotions. That's why appealing to people's emotions can be a really powerful way to conclude an essay. Done in the right way, this will help the article have heart. Just make sure that your conclusion is in keeping with the tone of the rest of your essay. Include a call to action use sparingly.

If your essay is truly about getting people to change, then including a call to action is a useful tool to rouse your base. But use it sparingly: In the wrong context an expository essay, or an argumentative essay it can be overkill. Avoid just restating your thesis.

Resist the urge to quote. There is usually no need to clog up the ending of your essay with quotes and analysis — that should have been what you were doing in your main paragraphs. The conclusion is the place where you tie everything together for your readers, not where you introduce new information. Don't use fluffy language. Don't use too many high-flying, two-dollar words in your conclusion. You want it to be readable and relatable, not rigid and boring. Make it clear what you're saying and how many points you're making.

Keep new material out of the conclusion. Now is not the time to introduce new ideas or content. That takes the focus off your original argument and could confuse readers. Don't focus on a minor point or issue in the essay. Begin with an anecdotal story that illustrates the position presented in the essay.

Save the ending as a punchline to end the composition. Open with a question, finish up the conclusion with an answer that punctuates the main idea. Demonstrate the benefit of the ideas presented. Conclude with a shocking, surprising or humorous statement. Use a quote that emphasizes or illustrates the thesis.

Ask a question that challenges the reader to take action or reconsider their own view. Never use a conclusion to introduce new facts or ideas. Instead, Randa Holewa, writing for Literacy Education Online, suggests painting a new picture that redefines ideas. Avoid leaving the reader confused or wondering why they read the essay. Do not summarize the paper in the conclusion. Avoid the temptation to write a long conclusion. Trust that the evidence was laid out in the body.

Sometimes you will find that the process of writing has changed what you have argued and so it will be necessary to go back and reword the introduction. Finally, the conclusion is not the place in your essay to introduce new information or new ideas: Example of an essay conclusion 1 Essay Question: Italy on the eve of has often been described as an unlikely nation.

Before , only a tiny minority of the population believed that Italy could ever become a unified nation under one Italian ruler.

Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path to unification such as differences and suspicion between the many regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst the men who fought for unity, the Piedmont region emerged " On March 17, , the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed.


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The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn't) possible. Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay: Don't simply summarize your essay. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long--more than ten pages or so.

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For example, if you write a paper about zoo animals, each paragraph would probably be about one particular animal. In your conclusion, you should briefly mention each animal again. “Zoo animals like polar bears, lions, and giraffes are amazing creatures.” Leave your readers with something to think about.

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Strategies for Writing a Conclusion. Conclusions are often the most difficult part of an essay to write, and many writers feel that they have . The conclusion of an essay may be the most important element of the essay. An essay may have an enticing introduction that draws in the reader, contain fascinating facts and persuasive details. However, it is the conclusion that wraps everything together and prompts the reader to take action or ponder further. This is.

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The conclusion of the essay. The function of the essay's Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument. Why Do You Need a Strong Conclusion? Before I get into the essay conclusion examples, you should know why writing a strong conclusion is so important.