Similarly, a gap in fertility exists among women with different levels of educational attainment, despite recent increases in the fertility of highly educated women. Not only are women having fewer children today, but they are having them under different circumstances than in the past. While at one time virtually all births occurred within marriage, these two life events are now far less intertwined.
The majority of these births now occur to women who are living with a romantic partner, according to analyses of the National Survey of Family Growth. In fact, over the past 20 years, virtually all of the growth in births outside of marriage has been driven by increases in births to cohabiting women. Past analysis indicates that about one-in-five children born within a marriage will experience the breakup of that marriage by age 9.
In comparison, fully half of children born within a cohabiting union will experience the breakup of their parents by the same age. At the same time, children born into cohabiting unions are more likely than those born to single moms to someday live with two married parents.
The share of births occurring outside of marriage varies markedly across racial and ethnic groups. Racial differences in educational attainment explain some, but not all, of the differences in non-marital birth rates. New mothers who are college-educated are far more likely than less educated moms to be married. The increase in divorces, separations, remarriages and serial cohabitations has likely contributed to an increase in multi-partner fertility.
Research indicates that multi-partner fertility is particularly common among blacks, Hispanics, and the less educated. While parents today are far less likely to be married than they were in the past, they are more likely to be older and to have more education. In , the average new mother was 21 years old. Since that time, that age has risen to 26 years. The rise in maternal age has been driven largely by declines in teen births.
While age at first birth has increased across all major race and ethnic groups, substantial variation persists across these groups.
The average first-time mom among whites is now 27 years old. The average age at first birth among blacks and Hispanics is quite a bit younger — 24 years — driven in part by the prevalence of teen pregnancy in these groups.
Mothers today are also far better educated than they were in the past. This trend is driven in large part by dramatic increases in educational attainment for all women. In addition to the changes in family structure that have occurred over the past several decades, family life has been greatly affected by the movement of more and more mothers into the workforce. This increase in labor force participation is a continuation of a century-long trend ; rates of labor force participation among married women, particularly married white women, have been on the rise since at least the turn of the 20th century.
While the labor force participation rates of mothers have more or less leveled off since about , they remain far higher than they were four decades ago. About three-fourths of all employed moms are working full time. Among mothers with children younger than 18, blacks are the most likely to be in the labor force —about three-fourths are.
The relatively high proportions of immigrants in these groups likely contribute to their lower labor force involvement — foreign-born moms are much less likely to be working than their U. The more education a mother has, the more likely she is to be in the labor force. Along with their movement into the labor force, women, even more than men, have been attaining higher and higher levels of education. In fact, among married couples today, it is more common for the wife to have more education than the husband, a reversal of previous patterns.
In most multi-generational households, there are at least three generations living together; the grandparents are expected to live under the same roof as their adult children and grandchildren. This is the reverse of how European American family households usually function.
In traditional Asian families, it is the oldest male in the family who brings his bride to live with his parents. The daughter-in-law is often expected to be submissive to her mother-in-law who rules the roost.
In Hispanic families, grandparents from either side may live under that same roof as their children and grandchildren. Mothers often gain a great deal of support from the grandmothers in domestic matters, but this varies depending on the dynamics unique to each family. Who are the authority figures? In Asian and Hispanic traditional families, the father is the main authority figure.
He will most often make decisions about matters outside the home, speaking for the family in public settings and signing consent forms. It is usually a female figure who takes charge of domestic life.
In dealing with culturally diverse families it is useful for health care professionals to understand the basic concepts of role flexibility and kinship and how these affect family dynamics.
In unilineal cultures, family membership is traced either through a male or female ancestor. Thus it makes sense that a Navaho maternal uncle might bring his nephew into the hospital expecting to be empowered to sign an informed consent. Similarly, in both American Indian and African American families, role flexibility can be an important issue. It is not uncommon for Native American grandparents to raise grandchildren while the parents leave the reservation to find work.
In African American families, the mother sometimes plays the role of the father and thus functions as the head of the family. In addition, older children sometimes function as parents or caretakers for younger children. The concept of role flexibility among African American families can be extended to include the parental role assumed by grandfather, grandmother, aunts, and cousins.
Although children may turn from their families during adolescence, most return as adults with the principles and values they learned from their family experience. Failure to take the time to develop our sons and daughters will at some point become a lifetime regret. We have one chance to be with them while they are in the formative stages. Many families adopt individuals as sons, daughters, aunts, uncles etc.
One of the most satisfying contributions we make in life is the investment of our personal time and caring in those we love. Our American History contains the lessons that form the basis for our Family Values.
Our Flag and The American Eagle are the symbols of this Freedom culture of ours and are therefore frequently associated with our display of Pride in America during our celebrations and sporting events. If we as citizens of our great Nation do not know and remember the lessons of our American History, we will surely loose this great Nation of ours.
Beginning with the American Revolution, all of the hard work and sacrifice it has taken for our forefathers and ancestors to establish and keep our country will be required to keep it into the future.
Many men and women have died defending this nation on the field of battle or "on duty" under the colors of our Flag. We have listed below casualties of war through the years to illustrate the significance of the sacrifice of many for our country. These statistics are humbling in the face of the significance of their sacrifice.
It is the symbol of this great Nation of ours built from the hard work and sacrifice of those who have gone before us. The strength of our Nation is the sum total of that hard work and sacrifice, and the strength, cunning and prowess of those who our forefathers, sons and daughters have fought and defeated in battle to defend it.
It sums up in one short poem the sacrifice of all who have gone before us to ensure the security of this great Nation.
You will truly touch your audience. The Declaration of Independence. What a bold move on the part of our Founding Fathers. To feel strong and confident enough to break away from the English and risk death and destruction was nothing short of extraordinary. They were driven to declare themselves free from "The British Crown" by their passion for Freedom and the attainment of an Ideal; a place on earth were people could be free and equal.
The United States Constitution is the framework for our government. It lays out the principles of our democracy placing everyone including our rulers under the law. The Bill of Rights.
The Constitution was ratified by all States in June During the discussions leading to the ratification there were many heated debates about individual rights. Many felt the Constitution lacked protection for the rights of the Citizens.
American culture is a diverse mix of customs and traditions from nearly every region of the world. Here is a brief overview of American holidays, food, clothing and more.
Millions of American families have etiquette books in their library. If you are traveling to the United States on business or for a lengthy stay, you might want to consider consulting Emily Post's Etiquette (first published in and now in its 18th edition) or Amy Vanderbilt's Etiquette (first published in ).
American birthday parties are steeped in homegrown tradition. From preschoolers to seniors, the heart of the family birthday follows a recognizable pattern year after year. A party gets decorations like balloons, streamers, flowers, special plates and napkins, and party hats. The practice of shared Family Traditions, as an integral part of Family life today, will ensure the preservation and progress of our American Culture. The American Family is the building block of our Nation because it is where we nurture the individuals who must act within our society.
What are the myths about the “Traditional American Family’? One myth is that male breadwinner families were “the” traditional family. Much more traditional has been the custom of having a family labor force — either with the wife as co-provider or the children, and often both. Traditional and Modern American Family Values Modern society breeds a contemporary viewpoint about the attributes of a family, but this was not always so. As recently as the s, commonly-used American family values took a far different approach to matters of gender, equality and the family .